The body constantly undergoes complex metabolic processes. If they are violated, then various pathological states are formed, first of all, the amount of sugar in the blood rises.
To determine if there is a normal blood sugar level in adults, several diagnostic tests are used. Blood tests are not only prescribed for routine medical examinations, but also for examining organs before surgery, on the part of general therapy and endocrinology.
First of all, research is needed to find out the picture of carbohydrate metabolism and to confirm or refute the diagnosis of "diabetes". If the indicator becomes pathological, it should be promptly diagnosed for glycated hemoglobin, as well as the degree of susceptibility to glucose.
To understand the likelihood of developing serious diseases, you need to know what the established rate of blood sugar is in adults and children. The amount of sugar in the body is regulated by insulin.
If there is not enough of this hormone, or the tissue does not perceive it adequately, then the amount of sugar increases.
The indicator is affected by:
- consumption of animal fats,
- constant tension and depression.
WHO establishes certain indicators of blood sugar, the rate is the same regardless of gender, but differs depending on age. The rate of blood glucose in adults is indicated in mmol / l:
- from two days to one month: 2,8-4,4,
- from one month to 14 years: 3.3-5.5,
- after 14 years and beyond: 3.5-5.5.
It should be understood that the body harms any of these options, since it increases the likelihood of various complications and disorders.
The older a person is, the less sensitive his insulin tissues are, as some receptors die and the body mass increases.
Different values may be observed, depending on the place of blood collection. The rate of venous blood in the range of 3.5-6.5, and capillary blood should be between 3.5-5.5 mmol / l.
The indicator is more than 6.6 mmol / l in healthy people. If the meter shows an abnormally high value, it is worth talking to your doctor and go through the prescribed diagnostic procedures immediately.
Necessary reconciliation of the curve obtained indicators. In addition, you should make the obtained indicators with manifestations of pathology. These actions must be performed by the attending physician. He also decides on the stage of diabetes or the presence of a pre-diabetic condition.
If the sugar content is exceeded slightly, and the analysis of capillary blood shows a number from 5.6 to 6.1, and from a vein from 6.1 to 7 mmol / l, this indicates a pre-diabetic state - a decrease in glucose tolerance.
If the result is higher than 7 mmol / l from a vein and more than 6.1 from a finger, the presence of diabetes should be noted. To obtain a complete clinical picture, it is also necessary to analyze the glycated hemoglobin.
Normal sugar in children also shows a special table. If the blood glucose level does not reach 3.5 mmol / l, this means that there is hypoglycemia. The causes of low sugar can be from the physiological or pathological side.
Blood sugar should also be donated to evaluate the effectiveness of diabetes therapy. If the sugar before the meal or a few hours after it is no more than 10 mmol / l, then we are talking about compensated type 1 diabetes.
In diabetes of the second type, strict evaluation rules are used. On an empty stomach, the glucose level should not exceed 6 mmol / l, in the daytime the figure should not be higher than 8.25 mmol / l.
Diabetics need to constantly use a glucometer to study their sugar performance. This will help the table, which corresponds to the age. Both diabetics and healthy people need to watch out for food and avoid foods that have a high amount of carbohydrates.
During menopause, hormonal disruptions occur. During this period, the process of carbohydrate metabolism also changes. For women, it is necessary to perform blood sugar tests every six months.
During pregnancy, the sugar will be higher, the figure can reach 6.3 mmol / l. If the figure is up to 7 mmol / l, this is a reason for medical observation. The norm of glucose for a man is within 3.3-5.6 mmol / l.
There is also a special table of normal indicators for people after 60 years.